ANLN Serves as an Oncogene in Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma via Activating JNK Signaling Pathway.

To understand the significance of ANLN (anillin, actin-binding protein)-mediated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signal pathway on the progression of bladder urothelial carcinoma (BLCA).

The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was utilized to perform the clinical significance of ANLN in BLCA. Then, ANLN expression was determined in human normal primary bladder epithelial cells (BdEC) and BLCA cells. Later, ANLN knockdown was performed in BLCA cells, where the expression of MAPK8, MAPK9, and p-JNK/JNK was detected. BLCA cells were divided into the Mock, siNC, siANLN, SP600125 (a selective JNK inhibitor), and ANLN + SP600125 group, followed by measurements of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, 3-4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide, Annexin V-FITC/PI, Wound-healing, Transwell, and immunofluorescence assays.

ANLN was upregulated in the BLCA tissues, which showed a relation with the stage of patients. Besides, BLCA patients with high expression of ANLN had a worse prognosis than those with low expression of ANLN. Besides, the expression of ANLN in the BLCA tissues was positively correlated with MAPK8 and MAPK9. SP600125 suppressed the JNK signal pathway, reduced the proliferation, and increased BLCA cell apoptosis, with the reductions in the invasion and migration and the upregulation of phospho-histone H3 Ser-10 (pHH3), which was abolished by the overexpression of ANLN.

ANLN, as an oncogene of BLCA, may associate with the activation of JNK signal pathway. Inhibiting ANLN could deactivate the JNK signal pathway, thereby suppressing the proliferation, invasion, and migration while promoting the apoptosis of BLCA cells.

Urologia internationalis. 2022 May 03 [Epub ahead of print]

Sheng Chen, Yi Gao, Fei Chen, Tian-Bao Wang

Department of Urology, Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, China., Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, China.

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