Prognostic value of preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in histological variants of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

Many studies identified that the preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (PNLR) was associated with patient prognosis in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). We hypothesized that PNLR could be prognostic in patients with histological variants of NMIBC (VH-NMIBC).

This retrospective study included patients with VH-NMIBC admitted at our center between January 2009 and May 2019. The best cut-off value of NLR was measured by the receiver operating characteristic curve and Youden index. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard regression models were employed to evaluate the association between PNLR and disease prognosis, including recurrence-free survival (RFS), progression-free survival (PFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS).

A total of 243 patients with VH-NMIBC were enrolled in our study. According to the Kaplan-Meier method results, patients with PNLR ≥2.2 were associated with poor RFS (p<0.001), PFS (p<0.001), CSS (p<0.001), and OS (p<0.001). Multivariable analyses indicated that PNLR ≥ 2.2 was an independent prognostic factor of RFS (hazard ratio [HR], 2.11; 95% confidence interval [CI, 1.57-1.83; p<0.001), PFS (HR, 2.34; 95% CI, 1.70-3.21; p<0.001), CCS (HR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.96-4.18; p< 0.001), and OS (HR, 2.83; 95% CI, 1.96-4.07; p<0.001).

This study identified that PNLR ≥2.2 was usually associated with a poor prognosis for patients with VH-NMIBC.

Investigative and clinical urology. 2021 Nov [Epub]

Deng-Xiong Li, Xiao-Ming Wang, Yin Tang, Yu-Bo Yang, De-Chao Feng, Ao Li, Fa-Cai Zhang, Yun-Jin Bai, Ping Han

Department of Urology, Institute of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China., Department of Urology, Institute of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. .

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