Considering the relatively high 5-yr survival rate (76.9%) for bladder cancer (BC), its overall prevalence will probably continue to increase. Therefore, it is important to understand the effects of BC diagnosis and management, including psychological sequelae.
To determine the prevalence of depression among elderly patients with BC and identify patient characteristics associated with depression.
Survey responses from a population-based sample of 5787 patients older than 65 yr with a history of BC were retrieved from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare Health Outcomes Survey registry, spanning 1999-2014.
The primary outcome measured is the prevalence of a positive depression screen. Cancer characteristics and demographic, socioeconomic, health-related, and activities of daily living (ADL)-related data were reviewed. Univariate analysis was conducted to identify correlation between a positive depression screen and patient characteristics. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of depression.
The prevalence of a positive depression screen was 14.0%. Poor general health (p < 0.001), impairment of ADL (p < 0.001), greater number of comorbidities (p < 0.001), and income <$30 000 (p < 0.001) were identified as correlates of depression. Univariate analysis found no association between a positive depression screen and time since the initial cancer diagnosis (p = 0.858) or cancer stage (p = 0.90). Multivariate analysis showed higher levels of education (p = 0.0097), increasing age (p = 0.0027), and marriage (p < 0.0001) were protective against the development of depression. Limitations include the lack of consideration of treatment outcomes and whether patients have active disease or only a history of cancer.
Depression affects a substantial percentage (14%) of elderly patients with BC. Poor general health and impaired ability to complete ADL were the greatest risk factors for depression. Acknowledgment of sociodemographic factors may improve awareness of depression in patients with BC and a potential need for psychosocial support.
Depression affects a significant proportion of patients with bladder cancer. Social and demographic factors influence a patient's risk of depression. Acknowledgment of these factors may improve the detection of depression and a possible need for intervention.
European urology open science. 2021 Sep 22*** epublish ***
Alexander Oserowsky, Taha Anwar, Connor Lough, Mojgan Golzy, Katie S Murray
University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, MO, USA., Urology Division, Department of Surgery, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA., Biostatistics and Research Design Unit, Department of Health Management and Informatics, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.