Muscle invasive urothelial bladder carcinoma (MIBC) present RB1 and TP53 somatic alterations in a variable percentage of tumors throughout all molecular subtypes. MIBCs with neuroendocrine features have a high response rate to immunity checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). Whether the presence of somatic co-alterations in these 2 genes in MIBCs is relevant to their responsiveness to ICIs is not known.
The potential correlation of different genomic biomarkers of response to ICIs like tumor mutational burden (TMB), single nucleotide variants (SNV) predicted neoantigens, DNA damage response (DDR) genes, DNA somatic signatures and TILs infiltrate was explored in patients with somatic co-alterations in RB1 and TP53 (RB1&TP53) as compared with patients with no alterations in any (double wild type, DWT) or with alterations in just one of the 2 genes. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) pancancer BLCA dataset of cystectomy specimens (n = 407) with mutation, copy number alterations and transcriptomic (RNA sequencing) data as well as the IMVigor 210 study (n = 348) of metastatic urothelial bladder cancers treated with atezolizumab (PD-L1 inhibitor) with clinical response data containing transcriptomic (RNA sequencing), along with a subset (n = 274) with mutation and copy number data were used for this purpose. A novel tumor microenvironment metascore (TMM) was developed based in a LASSO regularized Cox model with predictive and prognostic ability.
Samples with co-altered RB1&TP53: a) were enriched in immunity effectors (CD8 cytotoxic lymphocytes, NK cells) and display higher scores of a T cell inflamed signature; b) have a higher TMB, higher number of SNV predicted neoantigens and higher TILs fractions; c) have a higher number of DDR mutated and deep deleted DDR genes; d) have DNA somatic signatures 2 and 13 related to APOBEC mutagenesis. Using the IMVigor 210 dataset, RB1&TP53 samples had the highest response rate to atezolizumab and a strong correlation with TMB and TMM. The consensus molecular subtype classification in the IMVigor 210 dataset showed a significant correlation with both the response to treatment (p = 0.001, Chisquare) and the presence of RB1 and TP53 genomic alterations (p < 0.001, Chisquare).
RB1&TP53 co-alterations are strongly associated with genomic biomarkers of response to ICIs in MIBCs.
BMC cancer. 2021 Apr 20*** epublish ***
Ramon Gonzalez Manzano, Ana Catalan-Latorre, Antonio Brugarolas
Molecular Genetics and Genomics Laboratory, Unidad de Consejo Genetico, Plataforma de Oncologia, Hospital Quironsalud Torrevieja, Pda. La Loma s/n, 03184, Torrevieja (Alicante), Spain. ., Unidad de Farmacocinetica y Farmacoterapia Personalizada, Plataforma de Oncologia, Hospital Quironsalud Torrevieja, Pda. La Loma s/n, 03184, Torrevieja (Alicante), Spain., Medical Oncology Department, Plataforma de Oncologia, Hospital Quironsalud Torrevieja, Pda. La Loma s/n, 03184, Torrevieja (Alicante), Spain.