No Outcome Differences after Cystectomy Between Patients with de Novo Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer Compared to Progressors: A Retrospective Population-Based Study.

Whether patients who progress to muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) have worse outcomes compared to those that present de novo is important for clinical decision-making. The objective of this study was to determine if there is a difference in survival after radical cystectomy for de novo cases compared to progressors.

This retrospective, population-based study reports on all patients that underwent radical cystectomy in Ontario utilizing records linked to the Ontario Cancer Registry. The primary objective was to determine if survival was associated with presentation. Secondary objectives included describing processes-of-care between the cohorts and investigate differential responses to chemotherapy. Cox proportional-hazards regression models were used to adjust for known confounders.

Between 2009 and 2013, 1573 patients underwent radical cystectomy with 893 in the de novo cohort while 680 were identified as progressors. After adjusting by stage prior to cystectomy, several processes of care indicators and early outcomes were comparable between the cohorts. In adjusted analysis there was no differences in outcomes; compared to the reference de novo presentation, the hazards ratios (95% confidence interval) for progressors were 0.98 (0.85-1.14) for cancer-specific survival and 1.0 (0.88-1.10) for overall survival. There was no effect modification of chemotherapy based on presentation for cancer-specific survival. Lack of information about those progressors that never received cystectomy is a major limitation.

When controlled for stage, no clinically significant differences in survival outcomes were identified between bladder cancer patients undergoing cystectomy presenting with de novo MIBC compared to progressors in routine clinical practice.

The Journal of urology. 2021 Mar 30 [Epub ahead of print]

Avril Lusty, R Christopher Doiron, Christopher M Booth, Marlo Whitehead, D Robert Siemens

Department of Urology, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada., Department of Oncology, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada., ICES-Queen's, Health Services and Policy Research Institute, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.