To explore the overall trends of incidence rate (IR), mortality and survival outcomes of patients with urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) over the past two decades.
Patients diagnosed with UBC from 1993 to 2012 were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Result (SEER) 18 database. Baseline characteristics and treatment types of included patients were collected retrospectively. Moreover, the age-adjusted IRs and annual percent changes (APCs) were obtained. Afterwards, we calculated the standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for bladder cancer (BC), cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality by comparing UBC cases with the general population. Finally, survival outcomes of UBC patients were analyzed and compared.
A total of 220,405 UBC patients were identified, including 167,036 (75.79%) male patients and 53,369 (24.21%) female patients, with an average age of 70.84 years old. Most patients were White (89.85%), with older age (71.67%, >65 years old), lower T stage diseases (78.11%, < T2) and lower median household income (55.37%). When compared with patients diagnosed between 1993 and 2002, those diagnosed between 2003 and 2012 had older age (mean: 71.15 vs. 70.16 years old, P<0.001), higher proportion of men (76.22% vs. 74.83%, P<0.001) and lower median household income (56.69% vs. 52.50%, P<0.01). Overall, the IR of UBC increased slightly before 2003 and maintained a stable trend of about 20 per 100,000 person-years after 2003. Additionally, CVD was recognized as an important cause of death (COD) of UBC patients. UBC patients were 44.5 times more likely to die of CVD when compared with the general population. Furthermore, the 3-, 5- and 10-year overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) rates were 0.709, 0.609 and 0.421, and 0.861, 0.831 and 0.789, respectively. Finally, survival outcomes between patients diagnosed in the two periods (1993-2002 vs. 2003-2012) were not significantly different.
The IR of UBC increased slightly before 2003 and remained stable after 2003. UBC patients had higher CVD burden than the general population. Hence, cardiovascular health should be emphasized to reduce mortality after UBC diagnosis. Lastly, survival outcomes of UBC patients in the last two decades showed no significant difference.
Annals of translational medicine. 2020 Dec [Epub]
Yan Zang, Xiao Li, Yifei Cheng, Feng Qi, Ningli Yang
Department of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China., Department of Urologic Surgery, Jiangsu Cancer Hospital & Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research & Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China., Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.