A perioperative management to reduce rate of urinary tract infection for patient underwent radical cystectomy with ileal conduit diversion.

Although radical cystectomy, as the standard surgical treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients, prolongs survival remarkably, there are postoperative complications associated with urinary diversion. This study aimed to explore the antibiotic prophylaxis, according to culture of single J stent and urine from patients underwent urinary diversion (ileal conduit), its capacity to reduce the rate of urinary tract infection (UTI).

A total of 179 patients at Renji Hospital were reviewed in the study between Jan 2016 and June 2019. All patients included in this study were underwent radical cystectomy and ileal conduit. In Jan 2018, we enacted a quality initiative of urologic department to create a modified management. Following this initiative, antibiotic prophylaxis began to be used according to postoperative urine culture and stub of J-stent culture, which were obtained in 3rd days and 7th days after surgery, respectively. All consecutive patients treated with this process were compared with a conventional group. The clinicopathologic features of the two groups were compared using the t test and Chi square test. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the odds of developing 30-day UTI in two groups.

112 and 67 patients underwent the modified and conventional postoperative management, respectively. Two groups were comparable with regard to all demographic, clinical variables. The most common organism in urine culture and stub of J-stent culture was Candida albicans (38.46% and 31.7%). The rate of UTI was significantly lower in the modified group than in the conventional group (4.5% vs 13.4%, P = 0.031). In multivariable analyses, the conventional management was significantly more likely to develop UTI (OR = 4.992, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.432-17.398 P = 0.012) than modified management.

This procedure is associated with a significant decrease in UTI after surgery. During perioperative period, urine/single J stent culture with drug sensitivity test is necessary.

International urology and nephrology. 2020 Oct 17 [Epub ahead of print]

Yiqiu Wang, Wenhao Shen, Xiuqun Yuan, Shahatiaili Akezhouli, Di Jin, Haige Chen

Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200127, China., Department of Urology, Shanghai International Medical Center, Shanghai, 200127, China., Department of Nursing, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200127, China., Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200127, China. ., Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200127, China. .