Bladder cancer is one of the most common urologic malignancies, which is more frequent in men than in women. The early diagnosis for this type of cancer still remains a challenge, therefore, the development of a fast screening test for whole blood and tumor tissue samples may save lives. Four biomarkers, p53, E-cadherin, bladder tumor antigen (BTA), and hyaluronic acid were considered for the screening tests using stochastic needle sensors. Three stochastic needle sensors, based on graphite powder and modified with three types of chitosan, were designed and characterized for the screening test. The proposed sensors showed low limits of quantification, and high sensitivity and selectivity levels. The recoveries of p53, E-cadherin, BTA, and hyaluronic acid in whole blood samples and tissue samples were higher than 95.00% with a relative standard deviation lower than 1.00%.
Sensors (Basel, Switzerland). 2020 Apr 24*** epublish ***
Raluca-Ioana Stefan-van Staden, Damaris-Cristina Gheorghe, Viorel Jinga, Cristian Sorin Sima, Marius Geanta
Laboratory of Electrochemistry and PATLAB, National Institute of Research for Electrochemistry and Condensed Matter, 202 Splaiul Independentei Street, 060021 Bucharest-6, Romania., Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila", 050474 Bucharest, Romania.