OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review the natural history and management of bladder cancer, with insight into MRI applications for the assessment of muscle invasiveness of bladder cancer using the newly developed Vesical Imaging Reporting and Data System (VI-RADS) score. CONCLUSION. Multiparametric MRI and the VI-RADS score have been consistently validated across several different institutions as appropriate tools for local staging of bladder cancer and have been proven to contribute to the diagnostic workup and management of urinary bladder cancer.
AJR. American journal of roentgenology. 2020 Apr 14 [Epub ahead of print]
Martina Pecoraro, Mitsuru Takeuchi, Hebert A Vargas, Valdair F Muglia, Stefano Cipollari, Carlo Catalano, Valeria Panebianco
Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and Pathology, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161, Rome, Italy., Department of Radiology, Radiolonet Tokai, Nagoya, Japan., Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY., Department of Medical Images, Radiation Therapy and Oncohematology, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Brazil.