Selected protein expression in a new prognostic model for patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

After transurethral resection of a bladder tumor, patients frequently have a recurrence of the disease, thereby requiring adjuvant therapy.

The study aimed to determine the prognostic value of expression levels of p53, Ki-67, and survivin, and to develop a new prognostic model for patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) after transurethral resection of a bladder tumor.

The study group consisted of 101 patients with primary NMIBC. Univariate followed by multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was performed to obtain a model including the smallest possible number of descriptive variables with the highest statistical significance and impact on risk.

The RECINT model (RECurrence In Not Treated) including factors independently associated with cancer recurrence (tumor size [HR 1.148; p = 0.034], intensity of the color reaction for p53 [HR 1.716; p = 0.008], Ki-67 [HR 3.001; p = 0.022], and survivin [HR 1.461; p = 0.021]) adequately stratified recurrence free-survival (R2 = 0.341, p < 0.001) in patients with primary NMIBC. Patients with the lowest RECINT score (0-6) had the lowest probability of cancer recurrence (1- and 5-year recurrence of 16%) in comparison with other groups (p < 0.001).

The RECINT model may be useful for stratifying the risk of recurrence in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer and may allow for identification of those who may benefit the most from adjuvant BCG immunotherapy.

Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology. 2020 Apr 01 [Epub ahead of print]

Aleksandra Semeniuk-Wojtaś, Arkadiusz Lubas, Szczepan Cierniak, Urszula Brzóskowska, Tomasz Syryło, Henryk Zieliński, Rafał Stec

Oncology Department, Military Institute of Medicine, 128 Szaserów St., 04-141, Warsaw, Poland. ., Internal Diseases, Nephrology and Dialysis Department, Military Institute of Medicine, 128 Szaserów St., 04-141, Warsaw, Poland., Patomorphology Department, Military Institute of Medicine, 128 Szaserów St., 04-141, Warsaw, Poland., General, Functional and Oncological Urology Department, Military Institute of Medicine, 128 Szaserów St., 04-141, Warsaw, Poland., Oncology Department, Medical University of Warsaw, 19/25 Stępińska St., 00-739, Warsaw, Poland.