A routine blood examination is one of the most rapid, convenient and inexpensive clinical examinations that can reflect a patient's inflammatory status and other blood conditions, and the prognostic value of routine preoperative blood parameters in MIBC patients is still unclear, so we evaluated the prognostic value of routine preoperative blood parameters in muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) following radical cystectomy (RC).
Data on 202 patients with MIBC who underwent RC at our institution were retrospectively collected between October 2007 and August 2018. The median preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and hemoglobin (HGB) values were used as cutoffs to form the low and high NLR, low and high PLR, and low and high HGB groups, respectively. The clinicopathologic characteristics of each group were compared by chi-square and t tests. Kaplan-Meier survival and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to analyze prognosis.
The median NLR, PLR and HGB values were 2.42, 112 and 125 g/L, respectively. Kaplan-Meier results showed that the low HGB group had poor progression-free survival (PFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS). A high NLR and high PLR groups correlated only with poor OS. Multivariate Cox analyses showed that pathological T3/4 stage, positive lymph node status and low HGB were independent risk factors for PFS, CSS and OS, and age was the only independent risk factor for OS.
Preoperative peripheral blood HGB is an independent risk factor for the prognosis of MIBC patients. These data suggest that HGB may be a useful prognostic marker for MIBC patients undergoing RC.
BMC urology. 2020 Mar 19*** epublish ***
Jingqi Zhang, Xiaozhou Zhou, Hua Ding, Liwei Wang, Sha Liu, Yuting Liu, Zhiwen Chen
Institute of Urology, Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China., Department of Cell Biology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China., Institute of Urology, Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China. .