Interest in nanostructures such as titanate nanotubes (TNT) has grown notably in recent years due to their biocompatibility and economic viability, making them promising for application in the biomedical field. Quercetin (Qc) has shown great potential as a chemopreventive agent and has been widely studied for the treatment of diseases such as bladder cancer. Motivated by the possibilities of developing a new hybrid nanostructure with potential in biomedical applications, this study aimed to investigate the incorporation of quercetin in sodium (NaTNT) and zinc (ZnTNT) titanate nanotubes, and characterize the nanostructures formed. Qc release testing was also performed and cytotoxicity in Vero and T24 cell lines evaluated by the MTT assay. The effect of TNTs on T24 bladder cancer cell radiosensitivity was also assessed, using cell proliferation and a clonogenic assay. The TNT nanostructures were synthesized and characterized by FESEM, EDS, TEM, FTIR, XRD and TGA. The results showed that the nanostructures have a tubular structure and that the exchange of Na+ ions for Zn2+ and incorporation of quercetin did not alter this morphology. In addition, interaction between Zn and Qc increased the thermal stability of the nanostructures. The release test showed that maximum Qc delivery occurred after 24 h and the presence of Zn controlled its release. Biological assays indicated that the NaTNTQc and ZnTNTQc nanostructures decreased the viability of T24 cells after 48 h at high concentrations. Furthermore, the clonogenic assay showed that NaTNT, NaTNTQc, ZnTNT and ZnTNTQc combined with 5 Gy reduced the formation of polyclonal colonies of T24 cells after 48 h. The results suggest that the nanostructures synthesized in this study interfere in cell proliferation and can therefore be a powerful tool in the treatment of bladder cancer.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications. 2020 Jan 15 [Epub]
Luisa Alban, Wesley Formentin Monteiro, Fernando Mendonça Diz, Gabriela Messias Miranda, Carolina Majolo Scheid, Eduardo Rosa Zotti, Fernanda Bueno Morrone, Rosane Ligabue
Graduate Program in Materials Engineering and Technology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul - PUCRS, Brazil., School of Technology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul - PUCRS, Brazil., School of Health Sciences, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul - PUCRS, Brazil., Graduate Program in Materials Engineering and Technology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul - PUCRS, Brazil; School of Sciences, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul - PUCRS, Brazil. Electronic address: .