Bladder cancer stem cells (BCSCs), exhibiting self-renewal and differentiation capacities, may contribute to the tumor initiation, metastasis, recurrence and drug resistance of bladder cancer. However, the underlying functional mechanisms of BCSCs remain to be clarified. In this study, we describe the differentially-expressed mRNAs, lncRNAs, and circRNAs in BCSCs compared with that in bladder cancer non-stem cells (BCNSCs) through the transcriptome microarray data analysis using bladder cancer patients' specimens. CircRNA_103809, the top one among the highly expressed circRNA identified in BCSCs, promotes the self-renewal, migration and invasion capabilities of bladder cancer by acting as a miR-511 sponge. Additionally, GO and KEGG pathway analysis suggest the differentially expressed genes identified may be involved in the cellular metabolism, differentiation and metastasis regulation of the cancer cells. Co-expression networks of lncRNAs/mRNAs and circRNAs/mRNAs constructed by WGCNA give a picture of the non-coding/coding RNAs regulating patterns in BCSCs. Notably, as core genes in the networks, AHCY, C6orf136 and LRIG1 show high potential to be prognosticators for bladder cancer. Therefore, further studies of non-coding RNA functional mechanisms in BCSCs is valuable for detecting the pathogenic mechanisms and discovering novel biomarkers in bladder cancer.
Aging. 2020 Feb 17 [Epub ahead of print]
Tao Tao, Simin Yuan, Jinjian Liu, Da Shi, Mian Peng, Chong Li, Song Wu
Department of Urology, The 3rd Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518000, China., Medical College, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518000, China., Medical College, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, China., Department of Critical Care Medicine, The 3rd Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518000, China.