There are concerns about the increased incidence of cancer both in developing and developed countries. In spite of recent progress in cancer therapy, this disease is still one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Consequently, there have been rigorous attempts to improve cancer therapy by looking at nature as a rich source of naturally occurring anti-tumor drugs. Curcumin is a well-known plant-derived polyphenol found in turmeric. This compound has numerous pharmacological effects such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic and anti-tumor properties. Curcumin is capable of suppressing the growth of a variety of cancer cells including those of bladder cancer. Given the involvement of various signaling pathways such as PI3K, Akt, mTOR and VEGF in the progression and malignancy of bladder cancer, and considering the potential of curcumin in targeting signaling pathways, it seems that curcumin can be considered as a promising candidate in bladder cancer therapy. In the present review, we describe the molecular signaling pathways through which curcumin inhibits invasion and metastasis of bladder cancer cells.
Anti-cancer agents in medicinal chemistry. 2020 Feb 03 [Epub ahead of print]
Milad Ashrafizadeh, Habib Yaribeygi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Department of Basic Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran., Research Center of Physiology, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran., Halal Research Center of IRI, FDA, Tehran. Iran.