Risk stratification metrics for bladder cancer: Comprehensive Geriatric Assessments.

Despite advances in surgical technique and perioperative care pathways, complication rates following radical cystectomy for bladder cancer remain high and perioperative outcomes for elderly patients are suboptimal. Furthermore, subjective risk assessments of patients with bladder cancer, with a high prevalence of complex comorbidity burden and risk of frailty, may result in undertreatment of patients assumed to be poor operative candidates. A critical component of preoperative patient counseling and treatment selection is accurate and objective preoperative risk appraisal. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessments are multi-domain evaluations of the medical, functional, and psychosocial aspects of health designed specifically for use in elderly patients with the objective of identifying vulnerabilities that may be targeted with interventions for improvement. While currently recommended by multiple guideline bodies for use in the preoperative evaluation of elderly patients with bladder cancer there is a paucity of data describing their use in contemporary clinical practice. Herein, then, we will describe the components of a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessments and propose strategies for their integration into the preoperative surgical workflow.

Urologic oncology. 2020 Feb 06 [Epub ahead of print]

Adam J Gadzinski, Sarah P Psutka

Department of Urology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA., Department of Urology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Electronic address: .