Perioperative Outcomes of Open Retrograde Extraperitoneal Versus Intracorporeal Robot-assisted Radical Cystoprostatectomy in Men: A Dual-center Comparative Study.

We compared retrograde extraperitoneal open radical cystoprostatectomy (REORC) and robot-assisted radical cystoprostatectomy with intracorporeal diversion (iRARC) and have reported the early perioperative outcomes.

REORC and iRARC were each performed at a different tertiary high-volume center in 2 countries. Men aged ≥ 18 years with precystectomy clinical stage T1-T3 disease were included. Patients with previous major pelvic and/or intra-abdominal surgery, those who had undergone previous pelvic and/or abdominal irradiation, women, and patients with clinical stage T4 disease were excluded. All cases were managed according to a standardized enhanced recovery after surgery protocol, and all the patients had undergone ileal conduit urinary diversion. Bowel recovery was one of the main endpoints; thus, the intervals to passing flatus, tolerating oral feeding, and bowel opening were determined. The operative time, estimated blood loss, intraoperative complications, length of hospital stay, postcystectomy tumor type, stage, margin status, lymph node yield, and 30- and 90-day complications were analyzed.

We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from October 2016 to December 2018 of 99 patients, 50 of whom had undergone REORC and 49 iRARC. The demographic data and preoperative parameters were comparable between the 2 groups. REORC resulted in a significantly shorter mean operative time (P < .001), significantly greater mean estimated blood loss (P < .001), and greater percentage of patients requiring blood transfusion (98% vs. 12.24%). No significant differences in the length of stay were observed (P = .412). The rate of prolonged postoperative ileus was 16% and 18.4% in the REORC and iRARC groups, respectively (P = .3). Differences in the interval to passing flatus, tolerating solid oral intake, and bowel opening were not statistically significant between the 2 groups (P = .423, P = .770, and P = .700, respectively). No statistically significant difference was observed in the postcystectomy pathologic outcomes and overall and major complications rates at 30 and 90 days.

REORC resulted in quicker bowel recovery and a shorter length of stay compared with conventional open procedures, with advantages comparable to those realized with iRARC. Thus, REORC can be adopted as the preferred open approach at institutions without surgical robots available.

Clinical genitourinary cancer. 2019 Dec 14 [Epub ahead of print]

Khaled Refaai, Mohamed A Sharafeldin, Ahmed Elabbady, Wael Sameh, Ramesh Thurairaja, Rajesh Nair, Prokar Dasgupta, Muhammad Shamim Khan, Elsayedamr Mohamed

Department of Urology, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt. Electronic address: ., Department of Urology, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt., Department of Urology, Guy's Hospital, London, United Kingdom., Department of Bioinformatics and Medical Statistics, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

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