Study Progress of Radiomics With Machine Learning for Precision Medicine in Bladder Cancer Management.

Bladder cancer is a fatal cancer that happens in the genitourinary tract with quite high morbidity and mortality annually. The high level of recurrence rate ranging from 50 to 80% makes bladder cancer one of the most challenging and costly diseases to manage. Faced with various problems in existing methods, a recently emerging concept for the measurement of imaging biomarkers and extraction of quantitative features called "radiomics" shows great potential in the application of detection, grading, and follow-up management of bladder cancer. Furthermore, machine-learning (ML) algorithms on the basis of "big data" are fueling the powers of radiomics for bladder cancer monitoring in the era of precision medicine. Currently, the usefulness of the novel combination of radiomics and ML has been demonstrated by a large number of successful cases. It possesses outstanding strengths including non-invasiveness, low cost, and high efficiency, which may serve as a revolution to tumor assessment and emancipate workforce. However, for the extensive clinical application in the future, more efforts should be made to break down the limitations caused by technology deficiencies, inherent problems during the process of radiomic analysis, as well as the quality of present studies.

Frontiers in oncology. 2019 Nov 28*** epublish ***

Lingling Ge, Yuntian Chen, Chunyi Yan, Pan Zhao, Peng Zhang, Runa A, Jiaming Liu

West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China., Radiological Department, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China., Department of Urology, Institute of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.