The aim of this systematic review was to present available data on diagnostic and therapeutic options in intradiverticular bladder tumour cases. A literature search within the Medline database was conducted in March 2019 with combinations of the following search terms: bladder cancer, bladder tumour, bladder diverticulum, diverticulum, intradiverticular. Seventeen relevant articles were identified. Diagnostic and therapeutic options for intradiverticular bladder tumour follow the general management of bladder cancer patients. The most important differences include a higher rate of non-urothelial histology, higher rate of invasive cancers (stage T1 and higher), no stage T2 disease due to lack of a muscularis propria layer and potential role of partial cystectomy or diverticulectomy in the treatment. Among cystectomized patients, the survival is comparable to general bladder cancer patients after cystectomy. Data on accuracy of imaging and endoscopy in diagnosing intradiverticular bladder tumour are poor. There is no study comparing different treatment modalities in intradiverticular bladder tumour patients. Limitations of this review include low number and low evidence level of available studies, as well as low number and heterogeneity of enrolled subjects. Available literature data cannot be the basis for clinical recommendations in intradiverticular bladder tumour cases. While bladder cancer is the most common urinary tract malignancy and at least 1% of cases are intradiverticular, further research in this field is justified.
Urologia internationalis. 2019 Dec 18 [Epub ahead of print]
Sławomir Poletajew, Wojciech Krajewski, Jan Adamowicz, Anna Kołodziej, Romuald Zdrojowy, Piotr Radziszewski
Department of General, Oncological and Functional Urology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland, ., Department of Urology and Oncological Urology, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland., Chair of Urology, Department of Regenerative Medicine, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz, Poland., Department of General, Oncological and Functional Urology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.