Bladder cancer is the most common malignancy of the urinary tract. Its proper diagnosis and efficient treatment is still considered a challenge in urology today. White light cystoscopy is a gold standard for the diagnosis, follow-up, and endoscopic treatment of bladder cancer. To improve the efficacy of bladder cancer management, photodynamic diagnosis and narrow-band imaging have been introduced to the urological armamentarium.
The article presents the current state of knowledge of technical solutions that are intended to improve the diagnosis and management of bladder cancer. A nonsystemic review of relevant PubMed literature was performed.
Photodynamic diagnosis and narrow-band imaging improve the detection of bladder cancer and decrease recurrence rates of bladder tumors.
Although the high cost of the equipment may limit its introduction to everyday use, it is a cost-effective method of bladder cancer management for long-term follow-up.
Photomedicine and laser surgery. 2017 May 22 [Epub]
Piotr Kutwin, Tomasz Konecki, Marcin Cichocki, Piotr Falkowski, Zbigniew Jabłonowski
1st Department of Urology, Medical University of Lodz , Lodz, Poland .