Virtual cystoscopy, computed tomography urography and optical cystoscopy for the detection and follow-up for bladder cancer.

To evaluate the utility of virtual cystoscopy (VC) performed with CT urography in patients being studied under gross hematuria or patients being followed-up after a previous bladder cancer and compare the results with those obtained with gold standard technique (optical cystoscopy).

Retrospective study of 117 patients who were referred for VC by the Urology Department between May 2014 and May 2015. Those patients presented with gross hematuria or they were previously treated patients from bladder cancer being followed up. These patients were evaluated with MDCT and virtual cystoscopy after distending the bladder with air. The results were compared with those obtained with optical cystoscopy which was performed no more than a week after.

The global sensitivity and specificity of VC were 81,8 and 92,1%. Aditional findings detected in CT urography were an aortic dissection, urinary lithiasis and colonic metastasis.

VC seems an useful technique in the diagnosis and follow-up for bladder cancer with a good correlation with OC. The main limitations are the impossibility of biopsy during the procedure and the detection of erythematous lesions. Collateral findings can be detected performed with CT urography although the high radiation exposure does not recommend their combined use.

Radiologia. 2017 May 10 [Epub]

D Ibáñez Muñoz, I Quintana Martínez, A Fernández Militino, D Sánchez Zalabardo, L Sarria Octavio de Toledo, R Cozcolluela Cabrejas

Sección de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Reina Sofía, Tudela, Navarra, España. Electronic address: ., Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, España., Departamento de Estadística, Universidad Pública de Navarra (UPNA), Pamplona, España., Sección de Urología, Hospital Reina Sofía, Tudela, Navarra, España., Sección de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Reina Sofía, Tudela, Navarra, España.