Minimally invasive vs open radical cystectomy in patients with bladder cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Minimally invasive surgical (MIS) approaches to radical cystectomy (RC) develop well in the past decades. We performed the present study to compare the perioperative outcomes, pathological outcomes, and oncologic outcomes between MIS approaches and open radical cystectomy (ORC) for bladder cancer.

We conducted a comprehensive study search up to March 2019, searching the online database Embase, PubMed and Cochrane Library.

A total of 8 randomized controlled trials comprising 805 patients were included. We observed that MIS approaches were significantly associated with lower estimated blood loss (WMD = -343.21; 95%CI -431.34 to -255.08; P < 0.001), shorter length of stay (WMD = -0.76; 95%CI -1.28 to -0.24; P = 0.004), shorter time to flatus and diet (WMD = -0.46; 95%CI -0.64 to -0.27; P < 0.001; WMD = -0.92; 95%CI -1.58 to -0.28; P = 0.005; respectively), longer operation time (WMD = 61.38; 95%CI 34.89 to 87.88; P < 0.001), fewer 30-day overall complication (OR = 0.36; 95%CI 0.17 to 0.75; P = 0.007). And we did not detect significant difference in terms of 30-day (P = 0.278) and 90-day major complication (P = 0.899), positive surgical margins (P = 0.986), lymph node yield (P = 0.711), OS (P = 0.473), CSS (P = 0.778), RFS (P = 0.880), PFS (P = 0.324) between MIS approaches and ORC.

In the present studies, we demonstrated that MIS approaches improved perioperative outcomes and had similar pathological and oncological outcomes compared with ORC. Stratified by type of MIS approaches, the results are similar. In conclusion, MIS approaches could serve as an alternative choice in patients with bladder cancer. However, long-term clinical outcomes highlight the need for future studies.

European journal of surgical oncology : the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology. 2019 Sep 13 [Epub ahead of print]

Xu Hu, San-Chao Xiong, Wei-Chao Dou, Yan-Xiang Shao, Wei-Xiao Yang, Jian-Bang Liu, Xiang Li

West China School of Medicine/West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, PR China., Department of Urology, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, 37 Guoxue Street, Chengdu, 610041, PR China. Electronic address: .