The functions of microRNA-124 on bladder cancer.

Background: To detect the expression of miR-124 in bladder cancer (BC) cell lines and tissue specimens and to analyze its association with the growth of the BC cells. Methods: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was applied to examine the expression of miR-124 in BC cell lines and tissues. The function of miR-124 in modulating cell proliferation was assessed in BC cells with miRNA-124 overexpression; the cell viability was identified by Cell Count Kit-8; flow cytometry was employed to detect the cell cycle; the expressions of E2F3, cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4), Ki-67 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were tested by qPCR and Western blot; angiogenesis experiment was performed to analysis changes in angiogenesis rate; and bioinformatics prediction and dual luciferase reporter system were employed to identify the target of miR-124. Results: Survival curve data showed that the expression of MicroRNA-124 was positively correlated with survival. MicroRNA-124 expression was significantly decreased in BC cell lines and tissues. Bioinformatics prediction and dual luciferase reporter system verified CDK4 as a direct target of miR-124, which regulated the proliferation of BC cells by directly inhibiting CDK4. BC cells over-expressing miR-124 showed significantly inhibited cell viability, decreased angiogenesis rate, prevented cell proliferation and diminished the expression of E2F3, CDK4, Ki-67 and VEGF. All of these changes were reversed by over-expressing CDK4. Conclusion: MicroRNA-124 suppressed the proliferation of CRC cells by directly targeting CDK4, which provides a target for improving the therapeutic effect of BC.

OncoTargets and therapy. 2019 May 07*** epublish ***

Zhigang Cao, Li Xu, Shuli Zhao, Xu Zhu

Department of Urology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China., Central Laboratory, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.