To date, transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) remains the gold standard of staging urothelial cancer of the bladder and treating non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). The primary goal of the procedure includes a proper diagnosis, correct staging, and removal all lesions. Herein, we discuss major contemporary surgical and technical aspects of including en bloc resection, bipolar and laser resection as well as quality control of TURBT.
Translational andrology and urology. 2019 Feb [Epub]
Idir Ouzaid, Fréderic Panthier, Jean-François Hermieu, Evanguelos Xylinas
Department of Urology, Bichat Claude Bernard Hospital, University Hospitals of Paris, Paris Diderot University, Paris, France.