The association between metabolic syndrome and bladder cancer susceptibility and prognosis: an updated comprehensive evidence synthesis of 95 observational studies involving 97,795,299 subjects.

The association between metabolic syndrome (MS) and bladder cancer (BC) was not fully investigated, and most primary studies and pooled analyses were only focused on certain specific components.

To further investigate this issue and obtain more precise findings, we conducted this updated evidence synthesis of published studies, which involved not only MS components but also the MS in its entirety.

We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases for observational studies on the association between BC susceptibility and/or mortality, and MS and its components. We extracted data from included studies, evaluated heterogeneity, and performed meta-analytic quantitative syntheses.

A total of 95 studies with 97,795,299 subjects were included in the present study. According to the results, MS significantly increased the risk of BC (risk ratio [RR]=1.11, 95% CI=1.00-1.23); diabetes significantly increased the risk of BC (RR=1.29, 95% CI=1.19-1.39) and associated with poor survival (RR=1.24, 95% CI=1.08-1.43). Excessive body weight was associated with increased susceptibility (RR=1.07, 95% CI=1.02-1.12), recurrence (RR=1.46, 95% CI=1.18-1.81), and mortality (RR=1.17, 95% CI=1.00-1.37). As indicated by cumulative meta-analysis, sample size was inadequate for the association between BC susceptibility and MS, the association between BC recurrence and excessive body weight, and the association between BC survival and diabetes. The sample size of the meta-analysis was enough to reach a stable pooled effect for other associations.

Diabetes and excessive body weight as components of MS are associated with increased susceptibility and poor prognosis of BC. Uncertainty remains concerning the impact of overall MS, hypertension, and dyslipidemia on BC susceptibility and prognosis, for which further investigations are needed.

Cancer management and research. 2018 Nov 26*** epublish ***

Xiao-Fan Peng, Xiang-Yu Meng, Cheng Wei, Zhen-Hua Xing, Jia-Bin Huang, Zhen-Fei Fang, Xin-Qun Hu, Qi-Ming Liu, Zhao-Wei Zhu, Sheng-Hua Zhou

Department of Cardiology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410000, China, ., Department of Urology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China.