Bladder cancer (BC) is the second most common genitourinary malignancy, with a growing population of survivors globally. Over the past two decades, there has been a growing awareness of not only the oncologic, but also the quality of life ramifications of a BC diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance. In the current review, the literature surrounding the many domains that encompass bladder cancer survivorship is summarized and analyzed.
There have been ongoing efforts to decrease perioperative morbidity, particularly in patients undergoing radical cystectomy, with mixed results. There is a growing emphasis on the short and long-term health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) impacts of bladder cancer spanning the domains of physical and mental QoL related to urinary function, sexual function, and financial and psychological burden, with validated measures specific to BC patients. There continue to be disparities in oncologic outcomes by race and gender. The impact of BC is prolonged and there is an unmet need for long term support and survivorship resources to address this. There is a growing global population of bladder cancer patients, and their needs are complex and vary by stage, treatment, and certain demographic features. Outcome-centered perioperative strategies show potential to diminish treatment morbidity, and validated BC specific HR-QoL tools have helped to define the impact and burden of BC, but there continue to be large areas of unmet need that warrant greater study and intervention.
Current urology reports. 2018 Nov 09*** epublish ***
Sumeet K Bhanvadia
USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine, USC Institute of Urology, 1441 Eastlake Ave, Suite 7416, Los Angeles, CA, 90094, USA. .