Tagging SNPs in the HOTAIR gene are associated with bladder cancer risk in a Chinese population

The HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) is a well-known long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) that plays a critical role in biological processes in most cancers. However, the function of HOTAIR in bladder cancer remains largely unknown. In this study, we hypothesize that tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (tagSNPs) in HOTAIR are associated with bladder cancer (BCa) risk.

We performed a hospital-based case-control study of 1050 cases and 1407 controls to investigate the associations between tagSNPs and the risk of BCa in a Chinese population.

We found that individuals with the rs874945 AG/AA genotype had a significantly increased risk of BCa compared with those carrying the GG genotype, with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.23 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.04-1.46, P = 0.014]. The subsequently stratified analyses showed that the increased risk was more pronounced in subgroups of older subjects (age > 60 years), never smokers and subjects without pack-years of smoking. Interactive analysis showed that there was no interaction effect between smoking status and rs874945.

Our study showed that rs874945 in HOTAIR was associated with BCa risk in a Chinese population.

Gene. 2018 Apr 16 [Epub ahead of print]

Xiang Wang, Wenying Wang, Qiang Zhang, Damin Gu, Ke Zhang, Yuqiu Ge, Haiyan Chu, Mulong Du, Bin Xu, Meilin Wang, Xu Lv, Zhengdong Zhang, Lin Yuan, Weida Gong

Department of Anesthesiology, Yixing People's Hospital, Yixing, China., Department of Urology, Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China., Department of Environmental Genomics, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Cancer Biomarkers, Prevention and Treatment, Collaborative Innovation Center For Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China; Department of Genetic Toxicology, The Key Laboratory of Modern Toxicology of Ministry of Education, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China., Department of Urology, Affiliated Zhongda Hospital of Southeast University, Nanjing, China., Department of General Surgery, Yixing Tumor Hospital, Yixing, China., Department of Environmental Genomics, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Cancer Biomarkers, Prevention and Treatment, Collaborative Innovation Center For Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China; Department of Genetic Toxicology, The Key Laboratory of Modern Toxicology of Ministry of Education, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China. Electronic address: ., Department of Urology, Jiangsu Province Hospital of TCM, Nanjing, China; Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Tumor Research Lab, Nanjing, China. Electronic address: ., Department of Urology, Affiliated Zhongda Hospital of Southeast University, Nanjing, China. Electronic address: .