Outpatient Holmium laser fulguration: A safe procedure for treatment of recurrence of nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer

Nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer has a high recurrence rate and a low progression rate. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness, safety and feasibility of Holmium laser fulguration in an outpatient regimen for selected tumours.

A prospective, longitudinal cohort study was conducted between January 2009 and December 2016. Seventy-nine Holmium laser fulguration procedures with subsequent instillation of mitomycin C were performed in an outpatient regimen on 59 patients with a history of low-risk bladder cancer and recurrence of small papillary tumours. We performed a descriptive data analysis and analysed the relapse-free time using Kaplan-Meier curves.

All procedures were completed in one day, and only one patient required subsequent hospitalisation due to haematuria. Some 87.2% of the patients presented pain with a visual analogue score ≤3. Recurrence occurred after 49.4% of the procedures (27.3% at 12 months). The median follow-up time was 17 months (range, 2-65). The onset of recurrence was significantly earlier after the second fulguration than after the first (median, 10 months vs. 56 months).

Holmium laser fulguration and subsequent mitomycin C instillation in an outpatient regimen is a safe and feasible alternative to transurethral resection of bladder tumours in selected patients. Transurethral resection of the bladder tumour is recommended for patients with recurrence after fulguration, given the possibly higher risk of progression in these patients.

Actas urologicas espanolas. 2018 Feb 05 [Epub ahead of print]

Á Rivero Guerra, T Fernández Aparicio, I Barceló Bayonas, A Pardo Martínez, V Muñoz Guillermo, D Jiménez Peralta, C Carrillo George, B N Pietricica, E Izquierdo Morejón, A Rosino Sánchez, A Romero Hoyuela, G Hita Villaplana

Servicio de Urología, Hospital General Universitario J. M. Morales Meseguer, Murcia, España. Electronic address: ., Servicio de Urología, Hospital General Universitario J. M. Morales Meseguer, Murcia, España.