Conventional transperitoneal radical cystectomy (TPRC) is the standard approach for muscle invasive bladder cancer. But, the procedure is associated with significant morbidities like urinary leak, ileus, and infection. To reduce these morbidities, the technique of extraperitoneal radical cystectomy (EPRC) was described by us in 1999. We compared these two approaches and the data accrued forms the basis of this report.
All patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer by the author (JNK) with follow-up for at least 5 years were included. A total of 338 patients were studied, with 180 patients in EPRC group and 158 in TPRC group.
There were 3 mortalities within 30 days in TPRC group and one in EPRC group. Early complication rate was 52% and 58% in EPRC and TPRC groups. Urinary leak occurred in 31 (9.2%) patients (13 in EPRC, 18 in TPRC, p=0.19). Gastrointestinal complications like ileus occurred in 9 (5%) patients in EPRC group and in 25 (15.8%) patients in TPRC group, (p<0.001). Wound dehiscence occurred in 29, and 36 patients in EPRC and TPRC groups respectively. The reoperation rate was 6.1% and 12% in EPRC and TPRC groups, (p=0.08). Intestinal obstruction were significantly less in EPRC group (1.7% vs. 7.8% in TPRC group, p=0.002). Uretero-enteric anastomosis stricture was seen in 10 patients (4 in EPRC, 6 in TPRC, p=0.39).
The EPRC is associated with decrease gastrointestinal complications, ease of management of urinary leaks, and low reoperation rates. Thus EPRC appears safe functionally and oncologically.
International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology. 2017 Dec 11 [Epub ahead of print]
Jagdeesh N Kulkarni, Himanshu Agarwal
Department of Urology, Bombay Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Mumbai, India.