The use of antiangiogenic agents in cancer therapy has become an attractive target in oncological research. However, concerning the uro-oncological field, current guidelines only recommend the use of antiangiogenic agents in metastatic renal cell cancer. Yet in recent years, several approaches for sequential treatment with angiogenesis inhibitors in other urogenital malignancies apart from renal cell cancer are ongoing. Thus, the present review article aims to provide an overview about clinical studies with antiangiogenic agents in prostate-, bladder-, testicular-, as well as penile cancer patients. For this, a literature search was conducted using Medline; moreover we performed a systematic review of data presented at this year's important urooncological meetings. Preliminary data revealed that there are several promising studies ongoing in prostate-, bladder-, testicular-, as well as penile cancer; however, larger studies should be conducted to optimize the use of antiangiogenic agents in clinical practice.
Memo. 2017 Dec 04 [Epub]
Friederike Haidl, David Pfister, Axel Heidenreich, Isabel Heidegger
Department of Urology, Uro-Oncology, Robot Assisted and Reconstructive Urologic Surgery, University Hospital Cologne, Kerpener Straße 62, 50937 Cologne, Germany., Department of Urology, Medical University Innsbruck, Anichstraße 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.