Formation of bacterial biofilm on indwelling urinary catheters usually causes catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) that represent high percent of nosocomial infections worldwide. Therefore, coating urinary catheter with antibacterial and antifouling coating using facile technique is in great demand. In this study, commercial urinary catheter was coated with a layer of the self-polymerized polydopamine which acts as active platform for the in situ formation of silver nanoparticle (AgNPs) on catheter surface. The formed coating was intensively characterized using spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. The coated catheter has the potential to release silver ion in a sustained manner with a concentration of about 2-4 μg ml-1. Disk diffusion test and colony forming unites assay verified the significant bactericidal potential of the AgNPs coated catheter against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria as a consequence of silver ion release. In contrast to commercial catheter, the AgNPs coated catheter prevented the adherence of bacterial cells and biofilm formation on their surfaces. Interestingly, scanning electron microscope investigations showed that AgNPs coated catheter possess greater antifouling potential against gram-positive bacteria than against gram-negative bacteria. Overall, the remarkable antibacterial and antifouling potential of the coated catheter supported the use of such facile approach for coating of different medical devices for the prevention of nosocomial infections.
Heliyon. 2019 Dec 13*** epublish ***
Mohamed A Yassin, Tarek A Elkhooly, Shereen M Elsherbiny, Fikry M Reicha, Ahmed A Shokeir
Packaging Materials Department, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt., Refractories, Ceramics and Building Materials Department, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt., Biological Advanced Materials, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt., Center of Excellence of Genome and Cancer Research, Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.