The indwelling urethral catheter remains an integral part of contemporary medical care, despite its significant design shortcomings. Urethral catheterisation is responsible for well-recognised complications including catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), catheter-associated urethral injury (CAUI), catheter blockage and bladder mucosal irritation. In this narrative review, we provide an update on current innovations in urethral catheter design, aimed at safeguarding against these complications. There is an obvious need to improve catheter technology and urologists should support the translation of innovations into clinical practice.
BJU international. 2020 Jan 14 [Epub ahead of print]
Nicola Jeffery, Anthony Mundy
University College London Hospital, London.