Despite the use of sterile technique for indwelling urinary catheter insertion, as well as use of the defined catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) bundle elements per Children's Hospitals' Solutions for Patient Safety, the CAUTI rate in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at a free-standing pediatric hospital was increasing. In 2017, the PICU accounted for 87% of the organization's CAUTIs and 65% of the total indwelling catheter device days. With an important risk factor for CAUTIs being the duration of catheterization, the indication for catheters became an organizational executive priority.
An early 2017 review of the bundle elements identified that the indication for catheterization was not consistently addressed in daily patient rounds. A multidisciplinary project team applying the Plan, Do, Check, Act methodology developed an evidenced-based, nurse-driven indwelling urinary catheter removal protocol. This protocol allows nursing autonomy when removing a catheter by providing clinical indications for catheter use and promoting prompt removal when no longer indicated.
Indwelling urinary catheter device days in the PICU decreased by 28% within 6 months of protocol implementation. The PICU CAUTI rate declined from 4.8 (per 1,000 device days) in 2017 to 0.8 in 2018, 1 year after protocol implementation.
Providing the bedside nurse with an evidence-based protocol that is driven by specific patient indications and diagnoses allows them to practice autonomously in catheter removal. Prompt removal of indwelling urinary catheters results in decreased device days and decreased incidence of CAUTIs.
Pediatric quality & safety. 2019 May 24*** epublish ***
Melissa M Schiessler, Lisa M Darwin, Amber R Phipps, Lindsay R Hegemann, Brenda S Heybrock, Andrew J Macfadyen
Performance Improvement, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, and Infection Prevention Departments, Children's Hospital & Medical Center, Omaha, Neb.