Urinary tract infection (UTI)- related hospitalizations are a poor patient outcome in the rapidly growing home health care (HHC) arena that serves a predominantly elderly population. We examined the association between activities of daily living (ADL) and risk of UTI-related hospitalization among this population.
Using a retrospective cohort design, we conducted a secondary data analysis of a 5% random sample of a national HHC dataset, the Outcome and Assessment Information Set for the year 2013. Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Service Utilization was used as a guiding framework for statistical modeling. We used logistic regression to examine the association between UTI-related hospitalization and predisposing, enabling, or need factors.
Among beneficiaries (n = 24,887) hospitalized in 2013, 1,133 had UTI-related hospitalizations. HHC patients with a UTI-related hospitalization were more likely to have severe ADL dependency, impaired decision making, and lower Charlson Comorbidity Index, than those with a non UTI-related hospitalization (P < .001). Risk factors for UTI-related hospitalization included female sex, (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.25-1.66), Medicaid recipient (AOR, 1.99; 95% CI, 1.09-3.64), severe ADL dependency (AOR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.16-1.94), the presence of a caregiver to assist with supervision and safety (AOR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.06-1.49), treatment for UTI in the previous 14 days (AOR, 2.85; 95% CI, 2.46-3.29), presence of a urinary catheter (AOR, 3.77; 95% CI, 2.98-4.77), and prior history of indwelling or suprapubic catheter (AOR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.06-1.94).
ADL dependency levels are a potentially modifiable risk factor for UTI-related hospitalization on admission to HHC. ADL dependency levels can inform clinical interventions to ameliorate ADL dependency in HHC settings and identify groups of patients at high risk for UTI-related hospitalization.
American journal of infection control. 2019 Feb 14 [Epub ahead of print]
Zainab Toteh Osakwe, Elaine Larson, Jingjing Shang
Adelphi University College of Nursing and Public Health, Garden City, NY. Electronic address: ., Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, NY.