Hibiscus extract, vegetable proteases and Commiphora myrrha are useful to prevent symptomatic UTI episode in patients affected by recurrent uncomplicated urinary tract infections

To evaluate the efficacy of a combination of Hibiscus extract, vegetable proteases and Commiphora myrrha extract in the prophylaxis of symptomatic episode in women affected by recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs).

In this phase II clinical trial, all patients with history and diagnosis of rUTI were enrolled. All patients underwent the following treatment schedule: 1 tablet in the morning and 1 tablet in the evening for 7 days and, then, 1 tablet in the evening for 10 days (1 cycle every each month, for 6 months) of a combination of Hibiscus extract, vegetable proteases and Commiphora myrrha extract. At the baseline, all patients underwent urologic visit with quality of life (QoL) questionnaires and mid-stream urine culture. After 3 and 6 months, all patients underwent urologic visit, urine culture and QoL questionnaires evaluation.

Fifty-five women were enrolled (mean age 49.3; range: 28-61). At the enrollment time, the most common pathogen was Escherichia coli (63.7%). The median number of UTI per 6 months was 5 (IQR: 4-9). At the end of the second follow-up evaluation, 25 women did not reported any symptomatic episode of UTI (49%), 18 reported less than 2 episodes (35.3%), while 8 reported more than 2 episodes (15.7%). However, at the first and second follow-up evaluation the clinical statistically significant improvement (QoL) was reported by 38/51 (74.5%) (p < 0.001 from baseline) and 43/51 (84.3%) (p < 0.001 from baseline) women, respectively. The median number of UTI decreased to 2 (IQR: 0-3). At the end of the follow-up period, 30/51 had sterile urine (58.8%), while 21/51 (41.2%) reported a transition from symptomatic UTI to asymptomatic bacteriuria.

In conclusion, this treatment, in motivated patients, is able to prevent symptomatic UTI symptomatic episode and improve patient's QoL.

Archivio italiano di urologia, andrologia : organo ufficiale [di] Societa italiana di ecografia urologica e nefrologica. 2018 Sep 30*** epublish ***

Tommaso Cai, Daniele Tiscione, Andrea Cocci, Marco Puglisi, Gianmartin Cito, Gianni Malossini, Alessandro Palmieri

Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital, Trento. .

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