Correlation between Overactive Bladder Syndrome and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Women

BACKGROUND - Overactive bladder syndrome is characterized by urinary urgency, usually accompanied by Frequent urination and nocturia, with or without urgent urinary incontinence. There must be the absence of causative infection or pathological conditions.

Overactive bladder syndrome is related to mental disorders, particularly depression and anxiety. However, obsessive-compulsive symptoms are investigated much less frequently. The purpose of the present study was thus to assess obsessive-compulsive symptoms in overactive bladder syndrome patients.

METHODS - Fifty-seven women patients with overactive bladder syndrome and fifty-seven women without it (age matched control group) were prospectively enrolled. They completed the overactive bladder syndrome-validated 8-question screener and the Korean version of the Maudsley Obsessional-Compulsive Inventory Questionnaire at the same time they visited the clinic. Patients were compared with controls on the Korean version of the Maudsley Obsessional-Compulsive Inventory Questionnaire and its checking, tidiness, doubting, and fear of contamination components.

RESULTS - Patients showed more obsessive traits than controls on the Korean version of the Maudsley Obsessional-Compulsive Inventory Questionnaire total score (P=0. 006) and on the checking subscale (P=0. 001). Odds ratio for the overactive bladder syndrome group's obsessive-compulsive symptoms traits (score≥14) was 5. 47 (P=0. 001). The Korean version of the Maudsley Obsessional-Compulsive Inventory Questionnaire total score was associated with the overactive bladder syndrome-validated 8-question screener score in patients (P=0. 03).

CONCLUSIONS - Obsessive-compulsive symptoms may constitute an important aspect of the psychiatric profile of overactive bladder syndrome patients. The severity of obsessive-compulsive symptoms seems to be related to the degree of the overactive bladder syndrome severity. Clinicians may consider screening women with overactive bladder syndrome for obsessive-compulsive symptoms.

Korean journal of family medicine. 2016 Jan 27 [Epub]

Keun-Soo Ahn, Hyun-Pyo Hong, Hyuk-Jung Kweon, Ah-Leum Ahn, Eun-Jung Oh, Jae-Kyung Choi, Dong-Yung Cho

Department of Family Medicine, KonKuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. , Department of Family Medicine, KonKuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. , Department of Family Medicine, KonKuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. , Department of Family Medicine, KonKuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. , Department of Family Medicine, KonKuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. , Department of Family Medicine, KonKuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. , Department of Family Medicine, KonKuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

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