Strategies to enhance self-efficacy and adherence to home-based pelvic floor muscle exercises did not improve adherence in women with urinary incontinence: a randomised trial

Do strategies to enhance self-efficacy and exercise mastery affect adherence to home-based pelvic floor muscle exercises in women with urinary incontinence?

Two-arm, parallel, randomised, controlled trial with intention-to-treat analysis.

Randomisation was performed using computer-generated random numbers in five blocks of 20 women.

Eighty-six women with stress, urgency or mixed urinary incontinence.

All participants underwent three individual physiotherapy clinic visits at Day 0, 15 and 30, and 2 further months of home-based pelvic floor muscle exercises. The experimental group also received self-efficacy enhancing interventions, including a structured discussion on accomplishments and goals, a 9-minute video with testimonials, and a reminder.

The primary outcome - adherence to at least 20 fast and 20 slow contractions every day - was evaluated with a structured questionnaire at 15, 30 and 90 days after enrolment and completion of a daily diary. A validated questionnaire was used to assess urinary incontinence. Self-efficacy and pelvic floor muscle function were also measured.

Seven women withdrew from each group before the Day-30 assessment. There was no difference in adherence to pelvic floor muscle exercises at 90 days between the groups (MD 0. 5 points, 95% CI -1. 1 to 2. 1) on the questionnaire, which was scored from 2 to 21. At Day 90, 56% of the experimental group and 44% of the control group were performing the exercises every day. Adherence scores of both groups decreased during the 2-month follow-up period without any supervised physiotherapy session (p

Discussion of accomplishments and goals, a testimonial video and a reminder did not increase exercise adherence more than exercise mastery.

Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials UTN:U1111-1128-8684. [Sacomori C, Berghmans B, Mesters I, de Bie R, Cardoso FL (2015) Strategies to enhance self-efficacy and adherence to home-based pelvic floor muscle exercises did not improve adherence in women with urinary incontinence: a randomised trial. Journal of PhysiotherapyXX: XX-XX].

Journal of physiotherapy. 2015 Sep 11 [Epub ahead of print]

Cinara Sacomori, Bary Berghmans, Ilse Mesters, Rob de Bie, Fernando Luiz Cardoso

CAPES Foundation, Ministry of Education of Brazil, Brasília. , Pelvic Care Center Maastricht, Maastricht University Medical Center. , Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands. , Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands. , Department of Health Sciences, Centre of Health and Sports Sciences, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

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