Urinary Incontinence and Quality of Life: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Over half of women in the United States report urinary incontinence (UI). This condition can be treated conservatively, but many people do not seek treatment. The current correlational study assessed women's knowledge of UI. Specifically, we investigated the relationships between knowledge level about UI and quality of life (QoL), and between severity level of UI and QoL. A convenience cross-sectional sample of 39 older women was obtained from two YMCA locations. Data were analyzed using the Spearman rank-order correlation coefficient. A significant relationship was found between severity of UI and QoL, rs = -.73, p < .001; no relationship was found between knowledge level of UI and QoL, rs = .24, p = .13. Results suggested women's knowledge about the causes of UI and conservative therapy is limited. Occupational therapists need to address UI with their patients and educate them about treatment options and availability.

Urinary Incontinence and Quality of Life: A Cross-Sectional StudyThis research article describes a study assessing the knowledge of women about urinary incontinence (UI), if they are experiencing UI, and their level of quality of life (QoL) as it pertains to UI. The authors explored the relationship between knowledge of UI and the QoL of the study participants and the relationship between their current symptom level of UI and their QoL. Results showed a significant relationship between increased severity of UI symptoms and decreased QoL. Although the results did not show a link between the level of knowledge about UI and QoL of the participants, the authors found that knowledge about the causes and possible treatments of UI by the study participants was limited. The study results indicate the need for community education on occupational therapy treatment options. Occupational therapy practitioners can expand their practice areas to address the needs of women experiencing a reduction in occupational engagement due to UI.

OTJR : occupation, participation and health. 2024 Jun 08 [Epub ahead of print]

Tania L Shearon, Jeffrey L Alexander

A.T. Still University, Mesa, AZ, USA.