Urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) occurs in >40% of older women. Our objective was to examine the relationship of total and free plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and UUI to evaluate vitamin D status as a novel target for prevention of UUI.
We conducted a nested case control study using the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHS II. Using stored plasma samples from 2000, we measured total 25(OH)D, free 25(OH)D, and intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and examined their relationship to incident UUI from 2000 to 2013. Plasma biomarker levels were categorized as quartiles. Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios of UUI were estimated by conditional logistic regression models (with matching by age) across categories of each biomarker and covariates.
The analytic sample included 398 cases of incident UUI and 398 matched controls with a mean age of 50 years. We found a strong correlation of plasma levels of total 25(OH)D with free 25(OH)D (r=0.5). Plasma total 25(OH)D and free 25(OH)D concentrations were negatively correlated with PTH (r=-0.08 AND -0.09, respectively). Overall, we found no evidence that levels of total plasma 25(OH)D, free 25(OH)D, or PTH were related to incident UUI after adjustment for obesity, physical activity, cigarette smoking, menopausal status, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes.
Free plasma 25(OH)D by quartile, as well as total plasma 25(OH)D, was not associated with incident UUI in women. We found that plasma total and free 25(OH)D were highly correlated with each other and inversely correlated with PTH. Plasma free 25(OH)D did not provide additional predictive value in determining risk of UUI.
The American journal of the medical sciences. 2023 Aug 20 [Epub ahead of print]
Vin Tangpricha, Alayne D Markland, Camille P Vaughan, Alison J Huang, Francine Grodstein
Emory University Department of Medicine, Emory School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA and the Atlanta VA Medical Center, Atlanta, GA. Electronic address: ., Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United States; Birmingham/Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center (GRECC), Department of Veterans Affairs, Birmingham, AL and Atlanta, GA., Emory University Department of Medicine, Emory School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA and the Atlanta VA Medical Center, Atlanta, GA; Birmingham/Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center (GRECC), Department of Veterans Affairs, Birmingham, AL and Atlanta, GA., Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States., School of Public Health, Rush University, Chicago, IL, United States.