Many women with pelvic floor dysfunction are unable to perform pelvic floor muscle (PFM) contraction. We aimed to assess the ability to contract the PFM and to evaluate the association with muscle function in Brazilian women with urinary incontinence.
We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study including incontinent women over the age of 18. The assessment of PFM contraction was carried out by bidigital palpation via the PERFECT scheme. We categorized our population as: group absent: women not able to contract the PFM with verbal instructions; group 1 (1st command): women able to contract their PFM after verbal instructions; group 2 (2nd command): women who needed additional training on PFM anatomy and functioning to contract them. We compared the groups regarding their PFM functionality. We used ANOVA for demographic data and Mann-Whitney test for association analyses and P value < 0.05 for statistical significance.
Among 139 women included, 21 (15.1%) were not able to perform the contraction of the PFM. Sixty-five (46.7%) contracted their PFM voluntarily at the first command and 53 (38.1%) at the second command. There was a significant reduction in the PFM function in group 2 in terms of power (p < 0.001), endurance (p < 0.001) and fast contraction (p < 0.001) compared to group 1.
A high percentage (53.2%) of women were not able to contract their PFM voluntarily without training in PFM anatomy and functioning. Those women had impaired muscle function compared to women able to perform PFM after receiving exclusively oral instructions.
International urogynecology journal. 2020 Jul 28 [Epub ahead of print]
Fátima Faní Fitz, Letícia Missen Paladini, Letícia de Azevedo Ferreira, Márcia Maria Gimenez, Maria Augusta Tezelli Bortolini, Rodrigo Aquino Castro
Department of Gynaecology, Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Napoleão de Barros, 608 - Vila Clementino, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04024-002, Brazil. ., Department of Gynaecology, Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Napoleão de Barros, 608 - Vila Clementino, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04024-002, Brazil.