Is There a Correlation Between Behçet Disease and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms?

In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with Behçet disease (BD) and to investigate the relationship between the severity of BD and LUTS.

Fifty-five patients with BD were included in this study from January to December 2018. All patients received a detailed urological evaluation. Additionally, BD activity was investigated using the Behçet Disease Current Activation Form. The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form, 8-item overactive bladder questionnaire forms, uroflowmetry, and postvoid residual urine volume were evaluated.

The mean age of the patients was 42.6 years. The mean activity score of BD was 4.6±3.2 and the mean IPSS score was 7.3±7.3. Sex had no significant effect on the BD activity score. The BD activity score was significantly correlated with the IPSS score, frequency of daytime urination, nocturia, and urgency. It was also correlated with the presence and the severity of urinary incontinence and the effect of urinary incontinence on daily life. Peak flow rate, voided volume, and the postvoid residual urine volume were not correlated with the BD activity score.

LUTS were highly prevalent in patients with BD, and the severity and current activity of BD were correlated with frequency, nocturia, urgency, and urinary incontinence. Therefore, a urological evaluation of patients with BD in whom the activity and severity of the disease is elevated should be carried out comprehensively and patients should be managed accordingly.

International neurourology journal. 2020 Jun 30 [Epub]

Aykut Baser, Ali Ersin Zumrutbas, Yusuf Ozlulerden, Okan Alkıs, Aynure Oztekın, Sinan Celen, Zafer Aybek

Department of Urology, Hitit University School of Medicine, Corum, Turkey., Department of Urology, Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey., Department of Dermatology, Hitit University School of Medicine, Corum, Turkey.