To estimate the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in primary care using the International Continence Society symptom definition; to evaluate the association between LUTS and health-related quality of life (HRQOL); and to evaluate the treatment gaps.
Patients aged 40 and above were randomly recruited in a Hong Kong public primary care. Patients were asked (i) how often they experienced 18 individual LUTS during the past 4 weeks and (ii) whether they had sought treatments for their LUTS. The 12-Item Short Form Health Survey version 2 (SF-12 v2) and the modified Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-Short Form (IIQ-7) were used to measure HRQOL.
500 patients completed the survey. 75.8% of the patients had at least one LUTS "at least sometimes", with patients with a combination of storage, voiding, and post-micturition symptoms being the most prevalent (22.2%), followed by a combination of voiding and storage symptoms (14%). Only 14% of LUTS patients had sought treatments for their LUTS. LUTS was associated with a negative effect in all domains of the SF-12 v2 and IIQ-7 and patients with a combination of storage, voiding, and post-micturition symptoms had the worst HRQOL. Finally, having a combination of storage, voiding, and post-micturition symptoms and poorer HRQOL were factors associated with having sought treatments for LUTS.
A high prevalence of LUTS but low treatment-seeking rates implied possible unmet needs of LUTS patients in primary care, suggesting the potential for more active interventions to alleviate the negative impact of LUTS on patients' HRQOL.
Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation. 2020 Jan 03 [Epub ahead of print]
Edmond Pui Hang Choi, Eric Yuk Fai Wan, Weng Yee Chin, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam
School of Nursing, University of Hong Kong, 4/F, William M.W. Mong Block, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, Hong Kong. ., Department of Family Medicine and Primary Care, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong.