Prevalence and risk factors for urinary incontinence in pregnancy in Ikere-Ekiti, Nigeria

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors for urinary incontinence (UI) among antenatal clinic attendees in a low resourced setting in Nigeria.

This study was a cross-sectional study involving pregnant women aged 18-45 years. Data was obtained from 442 pregnant women using the English version International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence-Short form (ICIQ-UI-SF) from July 2017-September 2017. The questionnaires were self-administered. Data was analyzed with SPSS version 20. Logistic regression was also used to derive the adjusted odds ratio for risk factors of urinary incontinence among the respondents. A P-value <0.05 was taken as statistically significant.

The prevalence of urinary incontinence in this study was 28.1%. UI prevalence among the nulliparous and multiparous women were 28.7% and 27.7% respectively. Stress urinary incontinence was the commonest (17.4%) while sexual relation was the most affected lifestyle (22.6%). Overweight (AOR 1.39, P = 0.03), obesity (AOR 1.60, P = 0.009), third trimester (AOR 2.09, P = 0.011), previous instrumental vaginal delivery (AOR 11.54, P < 0.001), Ibo tribe (AOR 3.29, P = 0.006); and Ebira tribe (AOR 8.86, P = 0.028) were associated with UI in pregnancy.

Urinary incontinence affects more than a quarter of pregnant women; with substantial lifestyle changes; and sexual relation is the most affected activity. Health care providers should endeavor to enquire about symptoms of UI among pregnant women. Efficacy of interventions needs to be investigated in this population.

Neurourology and urodynamics. 2018 Jun 08 [Epub ahead of print]

Temitope O Okunola, Olaolu A Olubiyi, Sunday Omoya, Babatunde Rosiji, Kayode O Ajenifuja

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, State Specialist Hospital, Ikere-Ekiti, Nigeria., Department of Family Medicine, State Specialist Hospital, Ikere-Ekiti, Nigeria., Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, State Specialist Hospital, Ikole-Ekiti, Nigeria., Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Perinatology Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.