Exposure of Urology Residents to the Management of Urethral Strictures in Saudi Arabia: Should the Program for Postgraduates Be Customized?

This study aimed to assess the exposure and knowledge of urology residents in the management of urethral stricture (US) and to determine if they would be able to perform urethroplasty after graduation and whether urethroplasty should be included as a competency in the training program.

An online survey was sent to all residents enrolled in any urology training program in Saudi Arabia. Fifty-eight (approximately 50%) of the 114 residents who were sent the survey provided responses.

Most of the residents (45 residents, 77.6%) who responded were exposed to fewer than ten cases of US during their last year of training. Fifty-six residents (96.6%) attended five or fewer urethroplasty procedures in their last year of training. Twenty-three (40%) residents did not attend any urethroplasty procedure in the last year. The most common procedures attended by the residents were minimally invasive treatments (89% cystoscopy with dilatation and 79% direct visual internal urethrotomy (DVIU)). Most residents responded that they would manage newly diagnosed 1 cm US with either cystoscopy and dilatation or with DVIU 53 (91%). For the first recurrence of US, 46 (79%) residents responded that they would still prefer dilatation or DVIU. For the second, third, and chronic recurrences of US, 20 (34.5%), 6 (10.3%), and 5 (8.6%) residents, respectively, responded that they would perform dilatation or DVIU. Residents had low expectations for the success rate of urethroplasty; only 32 (55.2%) residents thought it had a high success rate.

Urethroplasty is a specialized urological procedure, one that residents have variable exposure to. Privilege to perform such a procedure after graduating should be modified to ensure the best outcome for patients.

Research and reports in urology. 2020 Sep 08*** epublish ***

Raed Almannie, Abdullah Alturki, Abdullah AlSufyani, Waleed Alkhamis, Saleh Binsaleh, Fahad Alyami

Urology Division, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.