To evaluate objective treatment success and subjective patient-reported outcomes in patients with radiation-induced urethral strictures undergoing single-stage urethroplasty.
Monocentric study of patients who underwent single-stage ventral onlay buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty for a radiation-induced stricture between January 2009 and December 2016. Patients were characterized by descriptive analyses. Kaplan-Meier estimates were employed to plot recurrence-free survival. Recurrence was defined as any subsequent urethral instrumentation (dilation, urethrotomy, urethroplasty). Patient-reported functional outcomes were evaluated using the validated German extension of the Urethral Stricture Surgery Patient-Reported Outcome Measure (USS PROM).
Overall, 47 patients were available for final analyses. Median age was 70 (IQR 65-74). Except for two, all patients had undergone pelvic radiation therapy for prostate cancer. Predominant modality was external beam radiation therapy in 70% of patients. Stricture recurrence rate was 33% at a median follow-up of 44 months (IQR 28-68). In 37 patients with available USS PROM data, mean six-item LUTS score was 7.2 (SD 4.3). Mean ICIQ sum score was 9.8 (SD 5.4). Overall, 53% of patients reported daily leaking and of all, 26% patients underwent subsequent artificial urinary sphincter implantation. Mean IIEF-EF score was 4.4 (SD 7.1), indicating severe erectile dysfunction. In 38 patients with data regarding the generic health status and treatment satisfaction, mean EQ-5D index score and EQ VAS score was 0.91 (SD 0.15) and 65 (SD 21), respectively. Overall, 71% of patients were satisfied with the outcome.
The success rate and functional outcome after BMGU for radiation-induced strictures were reasonable. However, compared to existing long-term data on non-irradiated patients, the outcome is impaired and patients should be counseled accordingly.
World journal of urology. 2020 Feb 18 [Epub ahead of print]
Malte W Vetterlein, Luis A Kluth, Valentin Zumstein, Christian P Meyer, Tim A Ludwig, Armin Soave, Silke Riechardt, Oliver Engel, Roland Dahlem, Margit Fisch, Clemens M Rosenbaum, Trauma and Reconstructive Urology Working Party of the European Association of Urology Young Academic Urologists
Department of Urology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany. ., Department of Urology, University Medical Center Frankfurt, Frankfurt (Main), Germany., Department of Urology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.