Feasibility of Transvesical Prostate Resection and Its Effect on Postoperative Complications.

To study the feasibility of transvesical prostate resection and its effect on urethral stricture.

We included 99 patients with symptomatic bladder outlet obstruction who underwent transvesical resection of prostate (TVRP; n = 48) and transurethral (TURP; n = 51) prostatectomy. We examined all the patients by means of digital rectal examination, transrectal ultrasound, and evaluated them by international prostate symptom score, quality of life score, uroflowmetric assessment and PSA level, and established definitive diagnosis. We followed up the patients in first month, third month, and the first year of the operation and monitored once a year in the following years.

In this study, totally 99 symptomatic bladder outlet obstruction patients were included (TVRP = 48 and TURP = 51). Mean age of the patients were 66.5 ± 8.2vs 68 ± 9.8years for our patients with TVRP and TURP, respectively. Two groups displayed similar values in terms of improvements in the Qmax and PVR, and there were no statistically significant differences in between. We obtained similar values for resection time and weight of resected prostate tissue in both groups. Urethral stricture was not observed in TVRP group. In TURP group however, stricture was observed in 4 (7.8%) patients in bulbar urethra in sixth month at average. And there was also a concomitant urethral meatal stricture in one of these patients. When the 2 groups were compared, the rate of urethral stricture was statistically significantly higher in the TURP group (P = .001).

Resection of prostate without using urethra significantly reduces the incidence of urethral stricture due to mucosal damage.

Urology. 2019 Feb 25 [Epub]

Hakan Türk, Erkan Arslan, Sıtkı Ün

Department of Urology, Uşak University Training and Research Hospital, Uşak, Turkey. Electronic address: ., Department of Urology, Uşak University Training and Research Hospital, Uşak, Turkey., Department of Urology, Denizli State of Hospital, Denizli, Turkey.