Socioeconomic and patient-related factors for the management of male urethral stricture disease.

We sought to determine the socioeconomic and patient factors that influence the utilization of urethroplasty and location of management in the treatment of male urethral stricture disease.

A retrospective review using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient and Ambulatory Surgery and Services Databases for California and Florida was performed. Adult men with a diagnosis of urethral stricture who underwent treatment with urethroplasty or endoscopic dilation/urethrotomy between 2007 and 2011 in California and 2009 and 2014 in Florida were identified by ICD-9 or CPT codes. Patients were categorized based on whether they had a urethroplasty or serial dilations/urethrotomies. Patients were assessed for age, insurance provider, median household income by zip code, Charlson Comorbidity Index, race, prior stricture management, and location of the index procedure. A multivariable logistic regression model was fit to assess factors influencing treatment modality (urethroplasty vs endoscopic management) and location (teaching hospital vs non-teaching hospital).

Twenty seven thousand, five hundred and sixty-eight patients were identified that underwent treatment for USD. 25,864 (93.8%) treated via endoscopic approaches and 1704 (6.2%) treated with urethroplasty. Factors favoring utilization of urethroplasty include younger age, lower Charlson Comorbidity score, higher zip code median income quartile, private insurance, prior endoscopic treatment, and management at a teaching hospital.

Socioeconomic predictors of urethroplasty utilization include higher income status and private insurance. Patient-specific factors influencing urethroplasty were younger age and fewer medical comorbidities. A primary driver of urethroplasty utilization was treatment at a teaching hospital. Older and Hispanic patients were less likely to seek care at these facilities.

World journal of urology. 2019 Feb 27 [Epub ahead of print]

Ryan A Dornbier, Eric J Kirshenbaum, Marc H Nelson, Robert H Blackwell, Gopal N Gupta, Ahmer V Farooq, Christopher M Gonzalez

Department of Urology, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 S 1st Avenue, Fahey #54, Rm 239A, Maywood, IL, 60153, USA. ., Department of Urology, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 S 1st Avenue, Fahey #54, Rm 239A, Maywood, IL, 60153, USA., Division of Urology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA.