Quality of Life in Women with Stage 1 Stress Urinary Incontinence after Application of Conservative Treatment-A Randomized Trial

Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) influences quality of life in female patients. In this study, we used ICIQ LUTS QoL (The International Consultation Incontinence Questionnaire Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms quality of life) to determine the quality of life (QoL) in various domains in patients with stage 1 SUI. The study included 140 perimenopausal women subjected to urodynamic tests at the Department of Gynaecology, Endocrinology and Gynaecologic Oncology, Pomeranian Medical University, Police (Poland) in 2013-2015. The study subjects were divided into two groups, A and B. Each patient completed two questionnaires, an original survey developed by the authors and the validated ICIQ LUTS QoL. Two exercise programs, each lasting for 3 months and consisting of 4 weekly sessions, were recommended to the study subjects. The program for Group A included exercises for pelvic floor muscles (PFM) with simultaneous tension of the transverse abdominal muscle (TrA), and the program for Group B, PFM exercises without TrA tension. After completing the exercise programs, patients with stage 1 SUI, both from Group A and from Group B, showed a significant improvement in most QoL domains measured with ICIQ LUTS QoL. However, more beneficial effects of the training were observed in the group subjected to PFM exercises with TrA tension.

International journal of environmental research and public health. 2017 May 30*** epublish ***

Magdalena Ptak, Agnieszka Brodowska, Sylwester Ciećwież, Iwona Rotter

Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, 71-210, Poland. ., Department of Gynaecology, Endocrinology and Gynaecologic Oncology, Pomeranian Medical University, Police, 72-010, Poland. ., Department of Gynaecology, Endocrinology and Gynaecologic Oncology, Pomeranian Medical University, Police, 72-010, Poland. ., Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, 71-210, Poland. .

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