Effects of Transobturator Midurethral Sling Surgery on Sexual Functions: One-Year Follow-Up

To evaluate sexual functions of women having stress urinary incontinence (SUI) preoperatively and 6 months and 12 months after undergoing a transobturator tape (TOT) ± pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery.

One hundred-ninety-five women with SUI ± POP were recruited and 150 sexually active women who had clinical ± urodynamic SUI and underwent TOT ± POP surgery were included in this prospective study. Urogynecologic symptoms were evaluated preoperatively, at 6 months, and 12 months by Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI).

One hundred fifty women completed the study. Seventy-four underwent TOT-only and 76 underwent TOT + concomitant surgery. Mean total scores of FSFI were 21.7 ± 7.8, 22 ± 8.7, and 22.1 ± 8 in the preoperative period, postoperative 6, and 12 months, respectively. There was significant improvement in desire and total scores in the TOT-only group, whereas there was no significant difference in the TOT + concomitant surgery group except for significant worsening in the lubrication domain. The frequency of sexual intercourse increased while that of coital incontinence decreased after surgery.

In our study, TOT was associated with decrease in coital incontinence and significant improvement in desire. In addition, there was significant improvement in FSFI desire and total scores in the TOT-only group, whereas no significant difference was observed in the TOT + concomitant surgery group except for the worsening of lubrication.

Gynecologic and obstetric investigation. 2017 Jul 27 [Epub ahead of print]

Ergul Aslan, Funda Gungor Ugurlucan, Dilek Bilgic, Onay Yalcin, Nezihe Kizilkaya Beji

Department of Women Health and Diseases Nursing, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.