INTRODUCTION - This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of adjustable slings in the treatment of recurrent stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after mid-urethral sling (MUS) failure.
MATERIALS AND METHODS - A prospective study was performed among women with recurrent SUI at the Urogynecology Division of Istanbul School of Medicine between February 2010 and March 2015.
All women were preoperatively evaluated with detailed urogynecologic evaluations, which included pelvic examination, Q-tip test, pad test, urodynamic studies and a compilation of the Kings Health Questionnaire (KHQ). Postoperative follow-up was performed at 1, 6 and 12 months and annually thereafter. Our primary outcome was objective cure and patient's satisfaction with treatment. Secondary outcomes included perioperative complications and adverse events.
RESULTS - Nineteen women were included in the study. The patients' mean age was 55. 3 ± 6. 9 years (range 43-66 years). The median follow-up time was 20. 7 ± 14. 0 months (range 6-55 months). The overall cure and improvement rates were 84. 2 and 10. 5%, respectively. In the satisfaction questionnaire, 15 (79%) patients responded that they were very satisfied and 3 (15. 7%) were moderately satisfied. Sling tension re-adjustment was needed during follow-up in 1 patient (5. 3%), 13 months after the initial surgery. The preoperative mean KHQ score was 545. 9 ± 243. 0 and changed to 237. 0 ± 217. 5 (p < 0. 05). Postoperative complications were slight and easily manageable.
CONCLUSIONS - Recurrent SUI is a challenging condition in urogynecology. The Regulation Mechanical External (Remeex) system has been found to be effective in the treatment of recurrent SUI after MUS failure with acceptable adverse effects. The Remeex system has the advantage of re-adjustment as a valuable option in the long-term management of patients.
Urologia internationalis. 2016 Feb 20 [Epub ahead of print]
Cenk Yasa, Funda Gungor Ugurlucan, Ozlem Dural, Serdal Celik, Onay Yalcın
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Istanbul University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.