To estimate the incidence rates of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) surgery among Finnish women from 1987 to 2009 by age, and to evaluate the trends in SUI surgery.
We conducted a retrospective register-based study.
All SUI procedures on adult women over age 18 years in Finland were identified from the nationwide Care Register for Health Care. Age-specific incidence rates per 1,000 women were calculated for each year. The cumulative incidence of SUI surgery was calculated.
There were 38,340 procedures for SUI in 1987-2009. The overall age-adjusted incidence rate increased 2. 6-fold from 0. 5/1,000 women in 1987 to 1. 3/1,000 in 2002, but declined thereafter by 2009 to 0. 8/1,000. There was a six-fold increase in the incidence rate in the age group 60-69 years and a ten-fold increase in the age group 70-79 years from 1987 to 2002. These marked increases in operation rates coincided with the increased use of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT). In 2002, TVT accounted for 96 % of all SUI procedures. Mid-urethral slings with transobturator techniques surpassed TVT in popularity in 2007. The life-long cumulative incidence of SUI surgery was 9. 9 % in 2002 and 6. 3 % in 2009.
The incidence rates of SUI surgery increased significantly in Finland, especially among women aged 60 to 79 years. Mid-urethral slings have become the dominant procedure.
International urogynecology journal. 2015 Dec 28 [Epub ahead of print]
Kaisa Kurkijärvi, Riikka Aaltonen, Mika Gissler, Juha Mäkinen
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Turku University Hospital, University of Turku, PL 52, 20521, Turku, Finland. Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Turku University Hospital, University of Turku, PL 52, 20521, Turku, Finland. , National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland. , Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Turku University Hospital, University of Turku, PL 52, 20521, Turku, Finland.